Saturday, May 31, 2014

How to do London

Si estás planeando tu primer viaje a Londres este vídeo te dará algunos consejos básicos además de practicar la pronunciación de algunos lugares emblemáticos . ¡No olvides hacer  el test al final !.

Planning your first trip to London? Then don’t miss this essential guide to doing (visitar) London like a local, where you’ll be given useful tips (consejos)  like how to use the legendary Oyster Card, where to stand on an escalator and how to pronounce Leicester Square. The video also features top London sights( principales atracciones turísticas)  including Camden Lock and Tower Bridge., 


1-The visitor Oyster Card ( a plastic smartcard ) will save you time and money.  

                                   A. True                        B. False

2-When standing on the escalator stand ...
                                   A- on the left            B- on the right

3- Londoners ..
                                   A- love queues             B- hate queues

4- Londoners are very polite. They say please and thank you many times.
                                   A. True.                       B. False

5- Leicester Square is pronounced.
                                   A- Laicestr  Square      B- lesster Square 

6- In the U.K cars drive on the left so before  crossing a street look ..
                                  A- right                        B- left.


Tuesday, May 27, 2014

German Food

When you think of German food, you immediately associate it with bread, beer and sausages.(salchichas) These are very important for the country, but they are only part of the food culture. German cuisine varies from region to region, with seafood (marisco) in the north, wine culture and French-influenced cuisine in the southwest, and beer hall (cervezería) culture in Bavaria. Recently, because of immigration from Turkey, Asia and Africa, there is more variety of food and international restaurants. But the German tradition of coffee and cakes in the afternoon is still sacred!(sagrado)
Pork and Sausages
Pork is the most important meat in Germany, and it is often used to make sausages. You can try Pinkel, spicy (picantes) sausages from Lower Saxony, or Bavarian white sausage, which you usually eat with sweet mustard.(mostaza dulce) You can enjoy sausages for breakfast, lunch or dinner. Fast food (comida rápida) can be a Frankfurter sausage, which you can also use in soup. Other delicacies include smoked ham from the Black Forest,(La Selva Negra) which combines perfectly with the heavy breads. Fresh pork is also roasted and combined with onions and Sauerkraut.
The Noble Potato
The potato is also very important for German culinary culture – you can see this from the festivals dedicated to it in Odenwald and potato days in Stade! Potatoes accompany most dishes, and there are many different ways to prepare them. The simplest way is to boil them, but there are also dishes that are more elaborate and use cream, cheese and bacon. Cold potato salads with mayonnaise or vinaigrette are perfect for a summer evening. If there are no potatoes with a meal, there will probably be noodles.(fideos) The southern part of the country has Spätzle noodles, which are served with a sauce.(salsa)

Saturday, May 24, 2014

Things To Say When You Get Wet or Have a Cold.

When you get wet ...

I’m wet through.  I’m drenched.(1) I’m soaking wet.(2). I'm soaked to the bone (3)

"I am soaked to the bone ... "
When you’ve got a cold...

I’m bunged up. (4) .I’ve got a frog in my throat.(5) .I’ve got a runny nose. I’ve got a tickly(6) cough.

" I've got a runny nose  ..."

(1) Drenched y soaked tienen el mismo significado y ambas son muy parecidas a la palabra empapado en español.
(2) Soaking wet es como la frase en español como una sopa. Se usa sopping wet para hablar de un suelo mojado.
(3)  I’m soaked to the bone. estoy empapado hasta los huesos .
(4) Bung up  :cuando algo está atascado y no puede hacer su  función. Ya os podéis imaginar las situaciones en que se utiliza..
(5) Literalmente la frase significa tengo una rana en la garganta y es parecido a cuando en español decimos tener carraspera.
(6) To tickle significa hacerle cosquillas a alguien. Podemos decir I have a tickle (picor) in my throat. A tickly cough es una tos que hace que nos pique la garganta..

Tuesday, May 20, 2014


Where did the last movie you saw come from? Most of you would probably say either Hollywood or maybe Spain or France. However, if you asked an Indian the same question, the answer would be completely different. They would say, off course, that it was made in Bollywood.

Bollywood is the name given to the Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India, a word formed by substituting the “H” of Hollywood with the “B” of Bombay. It is also known as “Hindi cinema”, although (aunque) many of the films are in Hindustani, a dialect spoken in Northern India and Pakistan. Songs often use Urdu vocabulary, and English is increasingly (cada vez más) heard in dialogues and songs. It is fashionable (de moda) to speak English, while a majority of the urban middle-class are educated in English schools and speak it as their native language. It is not uncommon to find bilingual or trilingual Indians in the cities, and a mixture of English and an Indian language (usually Hindi) is often used at work. As a result, Bollywood reflects this language mix (mexla de idiomas) and incorporates English words and phrases, and even whole sentences in its dialogues.

Song and Dance

Film music in India is called filmi. While many actors can dance, few of them can sing well. Songs are generally pre-recorded (pre-grabados) by professional singers with actors miming (cantando una canción haciendo playback) the words while dancing. Playback singers are prominently featured in the opening credits and have their own fans that will watch a mediocre movie to hear their favourites. The composers of film music, known as music directors, are also well-known, and their songs can determine a film’s success.
The dancing in old Bollywood films is usually modelled on Indian dance, such as classical dance styles, dances from Northern Indian or folk dances. In modern-day films, Indian dance is often combined with Western dance styles that are seen on MTV or in Broadway musicals. 
Dialogues and Lyrics

The film script (guión de la película) and the song lyrics are often written by different people. Music directors often prefer working in a two-man team with certain lyricists. The resulting dialogues are usually written in Hindi or Hindustani.

The Bollywood song lyrics, however, mostly use a combination of Urdu or Hindustani vocabulary and include many elegant and poetic Arabic and Persian words. The song lyrics are usually about love. Here are a few lines from the 1983 film Hero, written by the great lyricist Anand Bakshi:

Hindi lyrics
English Translation
Bichhdey abhi to hum, bas kal parso,
We just got separated, only a day or two back,
Jiyoongi main kaisey, is haal mein barson?
How am I going to live this way for years?
Maut na aayi, teri yaad kyon aayi,
Death doesn’t come, but your memory does
Haaye, lambi judaayi!

Now, listen to a fragment of a typical Bollywood song, and enjoy it!!